Engineering Geology – the science that studies the properties of rocks (soils), the natural geological and man-made-geological (geotechnical) processes in the upper layers of the earth’s crust in connection with construction activities of a person.
The main goal of engineering Geology is the study of natural geological conditions of the area prior to construction, as well as forecast the changes that will occur in the geological environment, first and foremost, in the rocks, in the process of construction and operation of engineering structures. In modern conditions, no one home, or a second engineering construction can’t be designed, built and safely operated without an accurate and complete geological and engineering materials. All this determines the main tasks faced by engineering geologists in the process of survey works before the beginning of the design object (when making decisions about construction, about investment projects, etc.), Hydrology is in close contact with the engineering Geology. Water can affect soils (clay, loam, loess, etc.), the result will be to intensify such processes as landslides, collapses, uneven of ground motions. All this leads to big problems when saving in engineering structures, buildings, monuments, and the like. To predict or prevent these processes can professionals who have the qualification of engineer-geologist. The Department of hydrogeology for many years to train such specialists. Most of them work in geological engineering and construction organizations, as well as in the specialized departments of research institutes.
In accordance with the specialization “Engineering-geological protection areas”, at the Department of hydrogeology teaches the following courses:
- Geotechnical monitoring of structures
- Technical reclamation of soils
- Normative base of engineering-geological investigations
- Regional engineering Geology
- Garageman and engineering hydrogeology